The word vinculation is derived from the Latin word vinculum, which can be loosely translated into Czech as bond. In practice, a vinculature represents a form of pledge and the related restriction of the right of disposition in favour of a third party. The word vindication is very often encountered in insurance contracts, where the creditor of the insured (e.g. a bank that has granted a loan, a leasing company in the event of a crash of a leased vehicle, etc.) will receive any future payment of the insurance benefit.
Mortgage loan and insurance premium vindication
When taking out a mortgage, the bank will require you to take out insurance on the mortgaged property. This is to make sure that the value of the property is not reduced, for example due to a fire. The insurance must cover at least the basic natural risks and must be endorsed in favour of the bank. In the event of an insured event, it is not the mortgage holder who receives the insurance benefit, but the bank that provided the home loan.
Life insurance vindication
Along with a mortgage, you can take out life insurance to protect your immediate family members. In the event of the death of the breadwinner, the insurance benefit is paid to the immediate family members (e.g. wife, husband, children). The money from the insurance company can then be used to pay off the outstanding part of the mortgage.